Hebrews 10

This devotional is written by Tom Packer-Stuki.

Hebrews 10

Christ’s sacrifice once for all
10 The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming – not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2 Otherwise, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshippers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3 But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins. 4 It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

5 Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said:

‘Sacrifice and offering you did not desire,
but a body you prepared for me;
6 with burnt offerings and sin offerings
you were not pleased.
7 Then I said, “Here I am – it is written about me in the scroll –
I have come to do your will, my God.”’

8 First he said, ‘Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them’– though they were offered in accordance with the law. 9 Then he said, ‘Here I am, I have come to do your will.’ He sets aside the first to establish the second. 10 And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

11 Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, 13 and since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool. 14 For by one sacrifice he has made perfect for ever those who are being made holy.

15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says:

16 ‘This is the covenant I will make with them
after that time, says the Lord.
I will put my laws in their hearts,
and I will write them on their minds.’

17 Then he adds:

‘Their sins and lawless acts
I will remember no more.’

18 And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.

A call to persevere in faith
19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider how we may spur one another on towards love and good deeds, 25 not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another – and all the more as you see the Day approaching.

26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know him who said, ‘It is mine to avenge; I will repay,’ and again, ‘The Lord will judge his people.’ 31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

32 Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you endured in a great conflict full of suffering. 33 Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. 34 You suffered along with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions. 35 So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded.

36 You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised. 37 For,

‘In just a little while,
he who is coming will come
and will not delay.’

38 And,

‘But my righteous one will live by faith.
And I take no pleasure
in the one who shrinks back.’

39 But we do not belong to those who shrink back and are destroyed, but to those who have faith and are saved.


As we have likely seen in previous chapters, to encourage Jewish followers of Jesus to continue  in their faith in Christ, the writer takes old rituals and concepts of the Jewish tradition and  discusses them in light of Jesus’ death and resurrection. The pattern repeats in Chapter 10, where  the writer talks about sacrifices - while Priests in the old tradition offer animal sacrifices, “again  and again,” these can, “never take away sins.” The writer points out that if these sacrifices were  sufficient, then we could have stopped making them! Jesus is then painted as a different kind of  Priest; one who offered, “for all time one sacrifice for sins.” We’re back to the theme of the New  Covenant which is woven through Hebrews: things are different now.

What I find striking about this passage is that the author does not ‘throw the baby out with the  bathwater’: the New Covenant does not mean the old traditions were wrong. The Law is a,  “shadow of the good things that are coming,” and as such, ritual sacrifice served as an, “annual  reminder of sins.” I’m reminded of Jesus’ declaration that he came not to abolish the Law but to  fulfil it (Matthew 5:17). Simply put, Jesus is the ultimate sacrifice; the recipients of the letter should  not get hung up on the ways of old. They’ve served their purpose, they’ve pointed to God, but  now they’ve been superseded. Given that many of us at St Mary’s do not come form the Jewish  tradition, this can all seem a little abstract. So I leave you with a question: what things in your life,  while good in their own way and for a particular time, have run their course? What do you, friends,  need to allow to be superseded by the Good News of Jesus Christ?  

God help us to know that you have covered our sins once and for all, and that we can approach  you with confidence. Help us to identify the things in our lives whose time is come, and to lay  them down before you in exchange for the joy of the Gospel.

No Comments